Grammar
Italan alphabet and accentsNounsAdjectivesAdjective endingsComparison of adjectivesArticleDefinite articleIndefinite articlePronounsPersonal pronounsReflexive pronounsPossessive pronounsInterrogative pronounsRelative pronounsDemonstrative pronouns/adjectivesIndefinite pronouns/adjectivesNumeralsCardinal numbersOrdinal numbersFractionsExpressing repetition and multiplicationArithmetic operationsTelling the timeVerbsAuxiliary verbsThe indicativePresent tensePast tenseFutureThe subjunctiveConditional clauseThe imperativePast participleGerundAdverbsTypes of adverbsComparison of adverbsList of irregular verbs

1 Italan alphabet and accents

Pronunciation of Italian alphabet
a [a] h [akka] o [o] v [vu]
b [bi] i [i] p [pi] w [vu doppio]
c [tʃi] j [i lunga] q [ku] x [ikkese]
d [di] k [kappa] r [erre] y [ipsilon]
e [e] l [elle] s [esse] z [dzeta]
f [effe] m [emme] t [ti]
g [dʒi] n [enne] u [u]
Pronunciation of consonants and phone groups
ca, co, cu [kaˌ koˌ ku] cia, cio, ciu [tʃaˌ tʃoˌ tʃu]
ci, ce [tʃiˌ tʃe] gia, gio, giu [dʒaˌ dʒoˌ dʒu]
chi, che [kiˌ ke] chia, chio, chiu [kjaˌ kjoˌ kju]
gi, ge [dʒiˌ dʒe] ghia, ghio, ghiu [gjaˌ gjoˌ gju]
ghi, ghe [giˌ ge] gli [ʎi]
sci, sce [ʃiˌ ʃe] gn [ɲ]
scia, scio, sciu [ʃaˌ ʃoˌ ʃu]
The accent in Italian is not fixed but most often it is placed on the penultimate syllable. In this publication the accent is displayed for all words where the stress is alsewhere than on the penultimate syllable.
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